Chemistry Analysis

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What is phosphine formula

Phosphine is a substance called the deadly substance, and this substance is used in a lot of pest control, where it has a great impact on pest control, makes the insect perish like what perish eggs in boiling water, and this simplest description can be described by phosphine, as phosphine can It puts on the door of the house Faisal smells to the extreme of the house and penetrates into the sewer, so the odor reaches the insects of cockroaches, mice, ants, and other insects and kill them immediately, but its impact on children is very bad, because it can kill the child’s life and infected many health diseases which affect the chest.


Formula of phosphine

Formula: PH3
IUPAC ID: Phosphane
Molar mass: 33.99758 g/mol
Boiling point: -87.7 °C
Soluble in: Water

Chemical properties

Phosphine, or hydrogen phosphide, is a very poisonous gas. It is colorless and flammable. It has a smell that resembles a strong, unsustainable garlic odor. It has a structural formula similar to the structural formula of ammonia; however, it is a weak solvent. Phosphine is formed as a result of the interaction of white phosphorus with a strong base or with hot water, or as a result of the reaction of water with calcium phosphide.

When phosphine binds to other organic compounds it is called phosphine derivatives. The resulting compound is called the addition of the first section of the compound to which it has been bound. In the case of mineral salts, the resulting compounds are called phosphide compounds, and when the hydrogen atoms are bound, the products are called phosphonium compounds.

Phosphine is a poisonous gas. It has no smell and no color, but it is a chemical that is flammable, but it has an unpleasant smell similar to the smell of garlic when placed in a food, it is a substance that does not dissolve in water quickly.

t, it dissolves in hot water easily and can be mixed with chlorine for use in the cleaning process, especially cleaning bathrooms and kitchens and remove stains and fats attached to them. When linked to other compounds is called ear time phosphide compounds.

Health effects

When exposed to phosphine, some health problems will result, including:

  • Phosphine affects the respiratory, digestive and thoracic systems with many serious health conditions.
  • When exposed to this lethal substance, a person may experience vomiting, dizziness, and drowsiness at the same time.
  • This substance affects the human feeling of burning in the trachea, and the injury of the human body with chronic cough and sputum and is green, and this is the most severe type of sputum, according to the decisions of chest doctors.
  • Continued exposure to phosphine may result in weight loss and be a noticeable loss, as it has a significant and harmful effect on the liver working on cirrhosis.
  • Studies have shown that toxic phosphine works to develop human breast and stomach cancer.
  • Exposure to phosphine results in respiratory, nervous, and gastrointestinal problems as well. Breathing, chest tightness, and others.
  • Persistent exposure to phosphine may cause weight loss and effects on the liver and kidneys.
  • There is no evidence that phosphine is a carcinogen.

Expected hazards when using phosphine

Some of the risks expected when dealing with phosphine are:

  • Phosphine exposure to heat or combustion results in the release of toxic vapors.
  • Phosphine is a highly explosive substance.
  • The explosion may occur when reacting with air when heated containers are heated, or when the cylinders in them are torn.
  • Phosphine when exposed to combustion and inhalation of many toxic vapors, such as these vapors in car exhaust or in factory fumes, is a substance that causes the respiratory system and works to destroy it.
  • Phosphine is also flammable. When exposed to hot air, it may explode, causing many fires and human destruction.

Ways to avoid and prevent phosphine

Having known that phosphine is harmful to human health, but there are ways to prevent this toxic substance that works to destroy all organs of the human body, and the most essential ways of prevention of this article are the following: –

  • Avoid the source of the presence of phosphine found in places without population.
  • As you inhale an unpleasant smell of garlic or other rotting fish, everyone in the building should evacuate the building immediately, so as not to infect many diseases, especially children when smelling the devastating phosphine smell.
  • Knowing where the smell comes from By identifying the source of the smell can be treated immediately, where you can contact the security center or first aid come immediately and do the necessary so as not to harm the human result of inhaling this gas harmful to human health
  •  When inhaling the smell of rotten eggs or fish, or any similar smell of them, you must leave the house immediately, and evacuate the building.
  • keep away as much as possible from the source of the smell.
  • Contact the concerned authorities, such as civil defense, ambulance, etc.
  • Work to contain the gas leak, before it spreads and reaps more lives.
  • First aid can also be carried out as follows: Keep him away from the danger zone and remove his clothes and put it in a tight plastic bag.
  • Wash the affected person’s skin with warm soapy water; to remove gas stuck in the skin and reduce its risk.
  • Cover the person with clean clothes and covers to prevent heat loss and fluid loss.
  • In some cases, which are not dangerous, the victim can be given oxygen directly.

Contraindications and symptoms

Aluminum phosphide (ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE) is not used in homes; it can leak through ventilation holes to nearby places; it is spread very quickly by sewage and air. The boiling point is very low (-87 degrees Celsius).

It is recommended to be used only by experts and in uninhabited areas to avoid disasters if used in residential areas.

Aluminum phosphide is strictly prohibited and is not allowed to be promoted.

Aluminum phosphide tablets work when exposed to the atmosphere, react with moisture and release poisonous gas (phosphine), and when exposed to people, symptoms that resemble food poisoning appear:

  • hard breathing.
  • Fatigue and nausea.
  • Cold extremities and general debility, which affects the body.
  • Inability to concentrate.
  • Headache.
  • Diarrhea.

In many cases, it is difficult to help the patient, unless the condition is treated accurately and clearly and diagnosed correctly.

Aluminum phosphide-like pesticides (ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE):

Experts identify several pesticides similar to the large aluminum phosphide (ALUMINUM PHOSPHIDE), for the release of gas (PH3) at a different concentration.

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