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What is the extraction of iron source

Iron source

Iron, a chemical element in the eighth group in the periodic table, is the commonly used metal, constitutes 5% of the Earth’s crust. The iron source is the fourth most abundant element after oxygen, silicon, and aluminum. It is an abundant element in the entire earth. and abundant in the sun and stars.

Iron is formed by a mixture of 2-3% nickel in basaltic rocks in Greenland, and carbon deposits in the United States, It is formed in the form of meteoric iron by 5-7% of nickel, and is formed in the sediments, and in meteorites, and is extracted by smelting carbon and limestone.


Iron is formed by a mixture of 2-3% nickel in basaltic rocks in Greenland, and carbon deposits in the United States, It is formed in the form of meteoric iron by 5-7% of nickel, and is formed in the sediments, and in meteorites, and is extracted by smelting carbon and limestone. It is also the most abundant mineral, a fragile solid, which corrodes iron in its pure form.

Quickly when exposed to humid air and high temperatures, according to Jefferson Lab, it is vital for the survival of living organisms and plays an important role in the production of chlorophyll in plants, a component of hemoglobin in the blood, a protein found in the blood, which It transports oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues

Iron extraction


The processes of iron extraction and formation, go through several stages as follows:

Blasting or blasting

To extract iron from the ground, Taconite rocks are detonated using explosives, due to the rigidity and hardness of this type of rock. The taconite is a new sedimentary rock, a variety of iron formations.


Taconite rocks are transported to dump trucks on giant electric shovels, where they can carry up to 85 tons of rock, and the taconite is then transported to treatment plants.


After the taconite has arrived at the treatment plants, the taconite is crushed and crushed into very small pieces using rock crushing machines. The crushing machines continue to crush the taconite, then the taconite powder is mixed with water in the mills and rotary mixers for a period of time.


During this stage, the iron ore is separated from taconite powder by magnetization, and the remaining rocks in the powder are residues.


In the penultimate stage in the formation of minerals, pellets are formed and formed with iron and mixed with water, where medium-sized pellets of taconite powder are formed into large rotating cylinders, then the pellets are dried and cooled to become solid.

Iron Formation

After the taconite pellets are shipped to factories in various US states, the taconite pellets are dissolved, forming into iron.

What is the iron source

Iron is about 5% of the Earth’s crust and is the fourth most abundant element after oxygen, silicon, and aluminum. Iron is the main element in the formation of modern civilization, where man has been able to harness and use iron for more than 3000 years, and the raw material of iron is the rock through which the most abundant rocks are Hematite or Magnetite, and 98% of the iron ore is used around the world to make solid iron.

It is one of the elements of the periodic table, specifically in the eighth group and the fourth cycle and is classified by metals in particular, and its symbol (Fe) comes from Latin (Ferrum), as I mentioned before is found in huge quantities in the globe, one of the oldest materials used by man, and still Even the most widely used today, it has the ability of magnets to attract it.

Some facts about iron source

Here are some facts about iron and its properties:

  • Iron is 100% recyclable.
  • Steel is the world’s most recycled material, with more than 650 million tons of iron recycled annually.
  • The use of iron in the automotive industry reduces the production of waste gases, as 3.5 to 4 tons of waste gases are produced in the entire life cycle of a car made of nanotechnology or high-strength iron developed (ADVANCED HIGH STRENGTH STEEL).

Iron inside the melting furnace

The ore is crushed into crushers and converted into particles of small sizes, then passed over a sieve to separate large particles. The melting furnace is supplied with iron ore, coke, and lime coal, and large amounts of air are pumped down the melting furnace. This leads to the combination of calcium in lime coal with silicate to form a slag, and liquid iron is collected at the bottom of the melting furnace under the slag layer.

Form iron

Most of the iron ore deposits are contained within sedimentary rocks containing successive layers of iron-rich minerals and silica granules known as flint, formed by the influence of nature from water, wind, and ice. The oceans were about 3000 million years ago containing large quantities of dissolved silica But they lack oxygen because the oxygen-producing plants are not yet developed.

Due to nature’s factors, silica has intensified on the sea in the form of layers of silica gel. These layers then hardened to form flint rocks. Ban, which was swept into the sea by rivers, and when oxygen-producing plants began to evolve 2,500 million years ago, oxygen became part of the Earth’s atmosphere.

And the dissolved oxygen in seawater reacted with soluble iron oxide, resulting in insoluble iron oxide. Soluble, which settled in the ocean floor in the form of magnetic minerals Fe3O4 and Hematite Fe2O3, and with the continuation of this process millions of years intensified silica and iron oxide, resulting in layers of gray flint and red ferric oxide.

Where iron source comes from

The Almighty said: “And we have cast down the iron in him with great evil, and for the benefit of mankind, and that God may know him who supports him, and his messenger in the absence of God.” Volume 0%   This verse has perplexed the reader. We have revealed that iron is not an earthed metal.

As science progressed, the energy needed to make iron metal needed more energy than our sun. Nuclear fusion energy in our sun barely produces helium, the second element of the periodic table. For more than two billion million million tons = 2.145 × 1021, it was never formed in the Earth, not even in the solar system, and this is a logical explanation of the word gauze.

Iron source

From the above, iron is not a metal ground, and from the examination of minerals in modern meteorites, scientists have found to prove that iron is a non-terrestrial, even solar, that is, formed outside the solar system, and when examining the meteorites arriving at the ground they concluded that 90% of the mass of meteorite is the iron source, comes.

The iron sourced from the cavity of the giant stars (supernovae) at the end of their life cycle, and in the process of burning silicon. When the nucleus of the stable calcium atom and the nucleus of the helium atom merge, the titanium element is initially formed. Then it merges with an atom of helium, forming unstable chromium. Then by the next step, before the decay of the unstable chromium atom unites with the helium atom again, to form at this time the iron atom but unstable.

And before the unstable iron source atom decomposes, combine with another helium atom, to form an unstable nickel atom, and now decompose nickel atom Unstable cobalt atom is unstable, and cobalt decomposes into a stable iron atom Fe 56. Because the iron source is stable and does not accept integration with any other element, the iron thus forms the heart of the star, and then the star begins to freeze and tends to stabilize. Imagine how much each of these reactions needs energy.

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