Sodium bicarbonate, commonly known as sodium bicarbonate, is a compound with the chemical formula NaHCO 3. It is a salt consisting of a sodium cation and a bicarbonate anion. Baking soda is a white solid that is crystalline but is usually finely divided. the formula for sodium bicarbonate: NaHCO3 and UPAC ID: Sodium hydrogen carbonate, here also their uses and explanation
What is Sodium bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) also known as baking soda, is a simple chemical compound, crystalline in nature, but used as a powder in cooking. which is a white alkaline and is characterized by its absence of chemicals, and has many therapeutic and aesthetic uses, as it gives the human body many health benefits and contribute to the treatment of hair from dandruff Odor As the skin gets rid of most of the problems that it is exposed to, such as grains, scars and blackheads because they contain antibacterials, and we will learn in this article on the benefits of sodium bicarbonate for the skin.
One molecule consists of three oxygen atoms, a carbon atom, a hydrogen atom, and a sodium atom. Also called soda bicarbonate and baking soda. Soda bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is composed of one component; sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3), a base substance that reacts. In the case of contact with an acid such as buttermilk, milk, and vinegar, the result of this reaction is the production of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the form of bubbles that are similar to liquid foam, and this process is called chemical fermentation, so it is a major use of this compound used in the production Bread, which causes the dough to bulge, and This is due to the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) when baking, the gas that blows the dough.
Formula for sodium bicarbonate
Formula for sodium bicarbonate are:
Uses of sodium bicarbonate
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is widely used today.
- It is used as an antacid to treat heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach.
- It is used in cleaning operations, such as cleaning household surfaces, especially in bathroom cleaning.
- It neutralizes the metabolic acid of newborn babies.
- It is added in Toothpaste and mouthwash to prevent tooth decay.
- It helps ferment dough and puff pastry, such as cake molds.
- It is used in meat processing.
- It is used in the treatment of acidity.
- It is used for vegetables cleaned and neutralize the acids in these vegetables.
- They are placed in refrigerators, freezers, and enclosed spaces to absorb odors.
How to test for sodium bicarbonate (effectiveness)
Due to the decomposition of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) over time a test should be made to ensure its effectiveness, by adding a tablet of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) in a container with a little vinegar, and if the foam escalates strongly indicates that sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is active It is effective, but care should be taken against this reaction; it can result in a large amount of foam, so be sure to perform this test at the sink.
Distinguish between sodium bicarbonate and baking powder
Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) is only one component. Normal baking powder or double baking powder, which is typically characterized by calcium phosphate acid, is the most common. The same amount is used when preparing recipes from normal or double-acting baking powder. Activating Baking Bao If the moisture factor is available, the ingredients containing this ingredient should be baked immediately after mixing all the ingredients.A double baking powder can be left for a while before baking, as it releases some gases at room temperature. The baking powder is added to the dough, and the majority of gases are released from the dough when the temperature in the oven rises.
How to make baking powder
Baking powder is produced from baking soda (sodium bicarbonate: (NaHCO3)), dry acid such as tartar cream (KHC4H4O6) or sodium aluminum sulfate acid (NaAL (SO4) 2). Each other, resulting in carbon dioxide, the reaction that occurs between sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and tartar cream (KHC4H4O6) is: NaHCO3 + KHC4H4O6 → KNaC4H4O6 + H2O + CO2 and reacting sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) and sodium aluminum sulfate (NaAL) (NaALCO3) ) In the same way: 3NaHCO3 + NaAl (SO4) 2 → Al (OH) 3 + 2 Na2SO4 + 3 CO2.
Formula of baking powder
Formula of baking powder with application
Uses of baking powder
It is used with cake dough, which is a hydrogen sodium carbonate, which is affected by heat to give the carbon dioxide gas that swells the dough.
It is used to increase the volume and lighten the texture of baked goods.
The chemical reaction that produces carbon dioxide bubbles (CO2) due to the reaction of the ingredients of the recipe occurs if you add any element characterized by being in the liquid state, such as water, eggs, or milk, so it is very important that the recipe is baked immediately before these bubbles disappear, and should not Exaggerate the mixture so that these bubbles do not disappear from inside the mixture.
This type of variety used in the preparation of many dishes is divided into an acidic type: baking powder, alkali and sodium bicarbonate, where they are added with water to the mixture, to start the chemical reaction, to produce carbon dioxide that is trapped in small air pockets inside the dough. Exposure to heat generates steam, forming pressure that expands these pockets and thus swells the dough
Difference between sodium bicarbonate and sodium carbonate
Sodium carbonate (NA2CO3) and sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) are both different substances, so uses of sodium carbonate are also different.
Preparation of sodium carbonate
Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), called soda ash or so-called laboratory soda, is produced by regular NaHCO3, by chemical reaction by heating sodium bicarbonate in an oven about 200 ° F for an hour. In this process, carbon dioxide, water, and dry sodium carbonate (NA2CO3) are formed. The sodium carbonate compound (NA2CO3) can The water is absorbed, so the hydrates are formed, meaning that the resulting compound will return to form sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) again.
Uses of sodium carbonate
Sodium carbonate (NA2CO3) is a versatile compound, which can be used well in the cleaning process, but care should be taken when using a sodium carbonate solution, as it may lead to skin irritation and chemical burns.Give care when wearing gloves.
The main uses of sodium carbonate include:
- Effectively helps break down grease because its nature is high alkaline.
- Balancing the pH of the swimming pool.
- Used in the manufacture of paper products.
- Cleanse surfaces.
- Softens water.
- Used in the manufacture of glass.
- Prevents hardening of foods.
- Some diseases are treated, including eczema and ringworm.
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