What is organic chemistry
Organic chemistry is defined as a branch of chemistry, which is concerned with studying the composition and properties of interactions of organic compounds, which are carbon compounds and the type of bond in these compounds is a covalent bond, such as hydrocarbon compounds, which are the compounds that contain only carbon and hydrogen as well as carbon-based compounds, But it also contains other elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorous, and halogens, and organic chemistry is interested in studying the composition of organic compounds, and determining their chemical formula, and this is done by studying the physical and chemical properties To evaluate the behavior of these compounds, and as for organic mineral chemistry, it is based on studying compounds that contain carbon and mineral bonds.
Within the definition of organic chemistry, it is worth noting here that the organic compounds comprise four types, namely: hydrocarbons, fats, proteins, and nucleic acids, and these types perform different functions in the living cell. It contains many elements, as they are used, for cell structure and building blocks for more complex molecules.
Characteristics of organic compounds
The physical properties of important organic compounds include quantitative and qualitative properties, which include information on the melting and boiling points and the refractive index, and may also include qualitative properties such as odor, consistency, melting and color, and some information about these properties will be mentioned in the following:
Melting point and boiling point of organic compounds: The melting and boiling points of these compounds are related to how the molecules are attracted and their molecular weight, especially the identical compounds, which evaporate without melting. Celsius for its evaporation.
Dissolved: It is the ability of organic compounds to dissolve and ionize, and these compounds are less soluble in water, and while they tend to be soluble in organic solvents, the solubility depends on the type of solvent, and these solvents may be either pure materials such as ether and ethyl alcohol or mixtures such as petroleum ether.