Organic matter or natural issue, natural material, or regular natural issue alludes to the huge wellspring of carbon-based mixes found inside normal and designed, earthly and amphibian situations. here also their importance and effects.
It is termed carbon-based substances, and these substances are widely spread by nature. They form proteins, carbohydrates, fats, nucleic acids, etc. The residues of organisms can be described as organic, such as decaying plants or decomposing substances from animals. These residues are more or less transmitted to the soil as a source of nutrition.
Importance in soil
Soil contains many living organisms such as bacteria, earthworms, actinomycetes, fungi, arthropods
nematodes, and arthropods. All contribute to the biological and microbiological activity which results in
the breakdown of plant material, roots, dead organisms and other organic residues that accumulate in
soils. As this organic material starts to decompose, soil organic matter is formed.
Effects in soil
its substances have a positive impact on the soil in several ways, and can be mentioned as follows:
- Improves the structure of all soil types, making sandy soils more moisture-retaining, and improving drainage in clay soils.
- its materials can support the soil with some nutrients although they are not fertilizers.
- its materials improve the roots of plants and make them more permeable, increasing their ability to absorb water and nutrients in the soil, because they contain acids that help to do so.
- Nutrition of microbes, worms, and plants that make up a balanced ecosystem and enhance their work together to promote plant growth and health.
- The development of beneficial microorganisms in the soil; these microbes when they die and decomposition will provide a great benefit of nutrients to the soil.
Many materials can be recycled for use in the formation of organic materials, including:
Botanical garden ornaments
They constitute all the collected waste from the arrangement and organization of the garden such as the remains of plants, leaves, grass, and pruning residues of trees and shrubs, and it is noteworthy that the plant remains of the branches and trunks of trees are not used as organic materials, but are recycled to serve other purposes.
Soiled food leaves
Unlike other types of paper that are usually recycled as new leaves, soiled foods do not serve this purpose, but are fertilized with other materials to form organic materials.
Wastes from wastewater treatment, which contain many organic substances and nutrients.
This includes food that is not used in human nutrition, but food residues produced during the preparation process and beyond, in addition to food residues that are disposed of in retail stores or food services.
including animal manure, which can form manure or the basic layer of compost, or dead animals in general.
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