Acid Base | Definitions | Explanation

Acid Base Definitions

Acid

An acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and is capable of donating one proton (hydrogen ion) to another substance.

Chemical term for acidic materials with a pH of less than 7.0 (14-point scale). Acids can often eat minerals such as carbonates or prevent them from forming in the first place. Chemically, acids are known for their ability to donate protons (hydrogen ions) to another compound or accept a pair of electrons. Formerly known as acid base Bronsted-Lowry Acid. Chemists call another type Lewis acid.

A chemical that can accept protons from hydrogen molecules or donate a pair of electrons.

Acidic substances are usually indicated by their bitter taste. An acid is basically a molecule that can donate H + ions and can remain in perfect harmony after H + damage. Acid is known to turn the red color of sunflower into blue.

Base

The base is a molecule or ion that is capable of accepting hydrogen ions from an acid. The base that dissolves in water is called alkali. When these substances react chemically with an acid, they form salts. The base is known to turn red with blue sunflowers

Bases, on the other hand, have a bitter taste and a slippery texture. A base that can dissolve in water is called an alkali. When these substances react chemically with acid, they form salts. Bases are known to turn red sunflowers blue. The basic solution acid base is also called alkalis.

A strong base is the opposite of a strong acid. Although an acid is considered strong if it can easily donate protons, a base is considered strong if it can easily extract D-protons (ie H + ions) from other compounds. Like acids, we often talk about basic aqueous solutions in water acid base, and what is left out of these types is often water.

Properties of Acid

  • Acidity is corrosion in nature.
  • They are good conductors of electricity.
  • PH values ​​are always less than 7.
  • When they interact with metals, these substances produce hydrogen gas.
  • Acids are flavorings.

Properties of Base

  • The bases are slipping. Dream about what a slippery soap looks like. This is a foundation. In addition, when submerged in water, the bases are electrified because they contain compensating particles in the solution.
  • When dissolved in water, these substances release hydroxide ions (OH-ions).
  • The bases in the water solution act as good conductors of electricity acid base.
  • Base-related pH values ​​are always greater than 7.
  • Bases contain bitter-tasting substances and have the ability to turn red litmus paper blue.

Acid/Base Neutralization

Acids and bases react with each other to produce water and salt. This reaction is called neutral reaction.

Review

Depending on the particular way of looking at the properties of acidity and base, the terms acidity and base are defined in different ways. Arenesis first described acids as compounds that ionize to form hydrogen ions, acid base and bases as compounds to form hydroxide ions. Acid is a proton donor and base proton acceptor, as defined by Lori Bronsted.

According to Lewis’ definition, acids are molecules or ions that are able to co-exist with pairs of non-combined electrons, and bases are molecules or ions that have pairs of non-combined electrons to share with the acid. Are available. In order for molecules to be acidic, the molecule must be deficient in electrons. This is the most common acid base concept. All lower bronchial acids are Lewis acids, but in addition, Lewis’ definition includes many other reagents acid base such as boron triloride, aluminum chloride, and so on.

What Is An Acid?

An acid is a substance that contains hydrogen and is capable of donating one proton (hydrogen ion) to another substance. An acid is basically a molecule that can donate H + ions and can remain in perfect harmony after H + damage. Acid is known to turn the red color of sunflower into blue.

What Is Base?

The base is a molecule or ion that is capable of accepting hydrogen ions from an acid. The base that dissolves in water is called alkali. When these substances react chemically with an acid, they form salts. The base is known to turn red with blue sunflowers

What Is Neutralization Reaction?

Acids and bases react with each other to produce water and salt. This reaction is called neutral reaction.

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